The Autonomous Region of Madeira is one of the autonomous regions of Portugal, corresponding territorially to Madeira archipelago, the nearest maritime neighbor is the Spanish archipelago of the Canary Islands, located on the coast of Morocco in Africa. However, Madeira is an all-European archipelago. The region is endowed with political and administrative autonomy through the Administrative Political Statute of the Autonomous Region of Madeira provided in the Portuguese Constitution. The Autonomous Region of Madeira is an integral part of the European Union with a statute of the outermost region of the territory of Union, as set out in Article 299-2 of the Treaty on European Union.
One of the theories of historians is that the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo were first discovered by the Romans and became known as the “Purple Islands”, but it is a topic for debate among historians and not found a consensus, they can be revering to other further south islands. Later the archipelago was rediscovered by the Portuguese, Tristão Vaz Teixeira and João Gonçalves Zarco in 1419, which called Madeira to the island because of the abundance of this raw material. First, it was discovered the island of Porto Santo (1418), by João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira; then, the island of Madeira (1419), by Bartolomeu Perestrelo, accompanied again by João Gonçalves Zarco.
Madeira is the second richest region of Portugal, with a PIB per capita of 103% (above the European average). It is a very tourist islands throughout the year due to its climate with mild temperatures in both winter and summer and also famous for its spectacular firework in the New Year’s eve, classified as the largest fireworks show in the world’s New Year’s Eve from 2006 to 2007, as well as for its liqueur characteristic wine world renowned Madeira wine, its flowers and its landscapes with mountain scenery, green and flowery valleys, the panorama of the sea and the coastal cliffs and its golden beaches on the island of Porto Santo.
Madeira – Webcams